Moving Quickly to Increase the Reach of Pandemic Nutrition Assistance
As the coronavirus impacted nearly every facet of lives and livelihoods, food insecurity in America surged in 2020, doubling pre-pandemic rates. According to USDA data, households with children are 1.5 times more likely to experience food insecurity. As the country struggled with various responses to the crisis, Indiana leveraged federal funds to reach citizens at their most vulnerable.
Setting the Stage
The Families First Coronavirus Response Act of 2020 authorized Pandemic Electronic Benefit Transfer (P-EBT) as part of the effort to provide food assistance to families. Administered by states under oversight from the USDA Food and Nutrition Service, P-EBT reaches families with children who would receive free or reduced-price school meals while schools are closed or operating at less than full-time attendance because of virus-related restrictions. In Indiana, the Family and Social Services Administration (FSSA) and its Division of Family Resources (DFR) oversee P-EBT assistance. After several months of administering the program, DFR recognized a need for improved data intake and validation to better serve eligible children. FSSA partnered with Resultant and the Indiana Department of Education (IDOE) to drive immediate impact for the 2020-21 school year with improved collection and validation for eligibility determination, with the ultimate aims of maximizing staff time and resources while also reaching the right students—and more of them.
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Shortly after the P-EBT program was created, DFR hit the ground running, ensuring that thousands of students and their families received much-needed assistance at the peak of the pandemic.
“To spin up and administer this program so quickly meant we were collecting data via a largely manual process that required many school administrators across the state and a sizeable amount of state resources,” said Adrienne Shields, Director of the Division of Family Resources at the Indiana Family and Social Services Administration.
“We quickly recognized we could do even more to reach more students and families while saving staff time for other important program priorities,” Shields said. “We needed to create a flexible and secure system to provide school districts a standardized data entry format that was easy to use. And we needed a solution that could provide automated data validation to ensure accuracy and reduce the amount of staff hours spent mitigating data errors from manual entry.”
Based on many years of successful partnership in support of FSSA data governance and analytics, we were acutely aware of the importance and time-sensitive nature of the problem. Without reliable data, families who urgently needed support could be overlooked during the crisis and in the months and years to come. We needed to work quickly to provide a proof-of-concept data intake and validation solution, and our development team came through in a matter of days.
To provide DFR a thorough and practical introduction to the solution, we recorded a walk-through demo video and held presentations demonstrating the proof of concept. These sessions simulated the data submission process from the school administrator’s perspective and explained the various validation controls.
Through a series of feedback sessions that included DFR, FSSA’s data analytics team, IDOE, and a series of school administrator pilot partners, iterations of the solution evolved, leading up to the application now in use. This approach leads with empathy and focuses on the needs of end-users to guide problem-solving through a collaborative process.
Our collaboration with DFR resulted in a custom application that handles authentication—capturing school-level eligibility for each collection window—and school-level submission workflow, which includes the following:
Users get direct feedback from the application, including detailed error messages when an entry does not meet key requirements.
DFR’s solution also required a shift in its data storage approach. The agency needed a secure storage environment that was easy to utilize. We leveraged a cloud-based environment for data storage, enabling DFR to capture eligibility submissions and efficiently aggregate records for processing P-EBT benefits.
This solution solves immediate service delivery challenges for DFR and can be scaled up as needed or modified to accommodate shifting program requirements.
“The P-EBT program presented an opportunity for FSSA and IDOE to work together on a federal program,” said Dr. John Keller, CIO for Indiana Department of Education. “Leveraging our access and connections to schools through our secure role-based portal, FSSA was able to gather data necessary to administer the program with confidence in the submission process. Resultant helped to broker this relationship and provided the perfect level of connectivity between our agencies with their technical expertise, project management and timely communication support.”
Following the successful implementation of its P-EBT administration tool, the State surpassed its service goals significantly, reaching more than 150 percent of the eligible students it had set out to reach.
Shields credits the solution for increasing the program’s reach: “This collaborative partnership that includes my dedicated staff, Resultant, and our colleagues at the Indiana Department of Education enabled our February issuance of P-EBT assistance covering the last quarter of 2020 to reach over 1,800 schools and provided direct benefit of over $82 million to more than 460,000 eligible students.”
Resultant continues to partner with FSSA and IDOE to explore ways in which data and systems modernization efforts across both administrations may serve the program as it continues to evolve.